Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
The movement began in the 1930s, and with the Sikh diaspora's financial and political support, it grew in popularity in the Sikh-majority Indian state of Punjab.


Last Update: 19/09/2023 IST

The death of a Khalistani fanatic in Canada, according to Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, was orchestrated by the Indian government, he claimed recently. He later stated, though, that he is not seeking to aggravate the situation with India. Significant attention and discussion have been generated by this development in both nations.


By establishing Khalistan, an ethno-religious sovereign state, in the Punjab region, the **Khalistan movement** aspires to provide Sikhs a place to call home. varied parties have varied ideas about where the borders of Khalistan should be; some propose the whole Indian state of Punjab, while others make more expansive claims that encompass Pakistan's Punjab and other regions of northern India including Chandigarh, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh1. The movement began in the 1930s, and with the Sikh diaspora's financial and political support, it grew in popularity in the Sikh-majority Indian state of Punjab. However, the insurgency waned in the 1990s as a result of things including a harsh police crackdown on separatists, intra-faction conflict, and disillusionment among the Sikh populace.


It is crucial to remember that India and Canada continue to disagree on the subject of Khalistani extremism. Relations between the two nations have been strained since the Canadian government has been accused of offering a "safe haven" to advocates of Khalistan. One of the largest Sikh populations outside of India is in Canada, and incidents that seem to glorify violence by Sikh separatists have garnered criticism from that country.


By establishing Khalistan, an ethno-religious sovereign state, in the Punjab region, the **Khalistan movement** aspires to provide Sikhs a place to call home. It's unclear how the movement and its followers are doing right now because some are still pushing for the creation of a separate state while others have switched to advocating for Sikh identity and nationalism within India. The movement has weakened recently, and many of its important figures have either been killed, arrested, or exiled. The Khalistan movement is currently seen as inactive in India and has little support from Punjab's urban or local population. However, Sikhs residing in Canada, the UK, or the USA3 embrace it ideologically.


Around the end of the 15th century CE, the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent saw the beginning of the distinct religion known as Sikhism. With approximately 25 to 30 million adherents known as Sikhs, it is one of the most recently created significant religious movements and ranks as the fifth-largest worldwide. The spiritual teachings of teacher Nanak, the faith's first teacher, and the nine Sikh gurus who followed him, led to the development of Sikhism1. Gobind Singh, the tenth guru, designated the Sikh holy book Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, making it the eleventh and final everlasting guru.


Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism are all considered to be Dharmic religions, along with Sikhism. Sikhism's core tenets include faith in and meditation on the one Creator, divine unity and equality of all people, performing seva (selfless service), pursuing justice for the good and prosperity of all, and acting honorably and making a living as a householder. Simran, which can be conveyed musically through kirtan or internally through naam japna (meditation on His name), is emphasized in Sikhism as a way to experience God's presence.


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